Inertia Support Strategies using Wind Turbines for Low-Inertia Power System with High Penetration of Wind Power

In contrast to traditional synchronous generators, variable speed wind turbines (VSWTs) usually do not provide inertia response to the power system in case of power imbalance. Thus, in a power system with high penetration of wind power, there may be a high risk of lack of inertia response in the system. This may lead to frequency instability or blackout when the power system is subject to a large disturbance. The aim of this project is first to evaluate the inertia available from VSWTs. Then, the risk of low inertia is estimated using a probabilistic approach in a wind dominant power system. Two solutions to provide additional inertia response and to reduce the risk of low system inertia are evaluated: 1) VSWTs with de-rated operation; 2) VSWTs equipped with energy storage on the DC-link. This energy storage could be super-capacitors, batteries or a combination of both. Finally, the economic value to provide such an inertia response will be evaluated based on a cost/benefit analysis.

Participants

Peiyuan Chen (contact)

Docent at Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

Massimo Bongiorno

Biträdande professor at Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

Ola Carlson

Biträdande professor at Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

Mattias Persson

Doktorand at Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

Torbjörn Thiringer

Professor at Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

Funding

Swedish Energy Agency

Funding years 2014–2017

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Energy

Area of Advance

Sustainable Development

Chalmers Driving Force

More information

Project Web Page at Chalmers

http://www.chalmers.se/en/projects/Pages/I...

Latest update

2015-05-05