Banbrytande nanofotoniska metoder för effektiva lågkostnadssolceller

The central objective is to implement nanophotonics in function-enhancement skin for solar cells together with the development of innovative low-cost wafer scale nano-patterning methods. The function enhancement skin and the nanopatterning are investigated with a strategic vision of being a generic solution, applicable to solar cells made from different materials and technologies. The proposed novelties include (1) Function enhancement silicone skins providing omnidirectional broad-band anti-reflection [Target < 2%], UV-Blue down conversion to green-red using Cd-free, heavy metal free InP/ZnS Quantum dots, and surface hydrophobicity for self-cleaning; (2) The multi-functional skin is an add-on layer, avoiding direct structuring of cell materials and generically applicable for different solar cell technologies and (3) Stand-alone, transferable, multi-usage etching/deposition mask for nano-patterning. The project aims to achieve such nanophotonic function-enhancement skins for the solar cells by: (i) performing electromagnetic design and optical simulations to predict anti-reflection properties of nanophotonic structures; (ii) developing surface nanostructuring of the PDMS encapsulating layer for better anti-reflection; (iii) embedding quantum dots into the PDMS for the spectral downconversion and ZnO nanostructures for further improved anti-reflection; and (iv) nanostructuring of the cell surface, including 3D topographic patterning.

Participants

Alexander Dmitriev (contact)

Forskare vid Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Collaborations

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Stockholm, Sweden

Funding

Swedish Energy Agency

Funding Chalmers participation during 2016–2019

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Areas of Advance

More information

Latest update

2017-06-26