Advanced, High Performance, Polymer Lithium Batteries for Electrochemical Storage (APPLES)
Research Project , 2011 – 2014

This project aims to the development at an initial industrial level of an advanced, lithium ion battery for efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market. The basic structure of this battery involves a lithium-metal (tin)-carbon, Sn-C, alloy anode, a lithium nickel manganese oxide, LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, cathode and a ceramic-added, gel-type membrane electrolyte. This battery is expected to meet the target of the topic that calls for innovative developments of lithium-based, automotive energy storage technologies improving energy density, cycle life, cost, sustainability and safety. To confirm this expectation, a strong European consortium exploiting the complementary experience of various interconnected unities, involving academic laboratories and industrial companies, has been established. The academic partners will address the work on the optimization of the basic, electrochemical properties of the electrode and electrolyte materials, while the industrial partners will focus on the determination of battery key aspects, such as: i) the value of energy density under a large size capacity configuration, ii) the definition of the safety by abuse test procedure protocols, iii) the overall cost, iv) the environmental sustainability and v) the recycling process. It is expected that these combined efforts will lead to the industrial production of a battery having an energy density of the order of 300 Wh/kg, a cost considerably lower than batteries already on the market, environmental compatibility and highly reduced safety hazard. In synthesis, this project compares well with others in progress worldwide for the development of lithium batteries directed to an efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market.


Bengt Steen (contact)

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis



Frankfurt Am Main, Germany

Consorzio Sapienza Innovazione

Roma, Italy

Eni S.p.A. energy company

Roma, Italy

ETC Battery and FuelCells Sweden

Nol, Sweden

G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara

Chieti, Italy

Rockwood Lithium

Frankfurt Am Main, Germany

Saes Getters

Lainate (Mi), Italy

Sapienza University of Rome

Roma, Italy

Stena Metall AB

Göteborg, Sweden

Stena Recycling AB

Göteborg, Sweden

Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wurttembergstiftung (ZSW)

Stuttgart, Germany


European Commission (EC)

Project ID: EC/FP7/265644
Funding Chalmers participation during 2011–2014

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces

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