The Indoor Chemical Human Emissions and Reactivity (ICHEAR) project: Overview of experimental methodology and preliminary results
Journal article, 2020

With the gradual reduction of emissions from building products, emissions from human occupants become more dominant indoors. The impact of human emissions on indoor air quality is inadequately understood. The aim of the Indoor Chemical Human Emissions and Reactivity (ICHEAR) project was to examine the impact on indoor air chemistry of whole-body, exhaled, and dermally emitted human bioeffluents under different conditions comprising human factors (t-shirts/shorts vs long-sleeve shirts/pants; age: teenagers, young adults, and seniors) and a variety of environmental factors (moderate vs high air temperature; low vs high relative humidity; presence vs absence of ozone). A series of human subject experiments were performed in a well-controlled stainless steel climate chamber. State-of-the-art measurement technologies were used to quantify the volatile organic compounds emitted by humans and their total OH reactivity; ammonia, nanoparticle, fluorescent biological aerosol particle (FBAP), and microbial emissions; and skin surface chemistry. This paper presents the design of the project, its methodologies, and preliminary results, comparing identical measurements performed with five groups, each composed of 4 volunteers (2 males and 2 females). The volunteers wore identical laundered new clothes and were asked to use the same set of fragrance-free personal care products. They occupied the ozone-free (<2 ppb) chamber for 3 hours (morning) and then left for a 10-min lunch break. Ozone (target concentration in occupied chamber ~35 ppb) was introduced 10 minutes after the volunteers returned to the chamber, and the measurements continued for another 2.5 hours. Under a given ozone condition, relatively small differences were observed in the steady-state concentrations of geranyl acetone, 6MHO, and 4OPA between the five groups. Larger variability was observed for acetone and isoprene. The absence or presence of ozone significantly influenced the steady-state concentrations of acetone, geranyl acetone, 6MHO, and 4OPA. Results of replicate experiments demonstrate the robustness of the experiments. Higher repeatability was achieved for dermally emitted compounds and their reaction products than for constituents of exhaled breath.

OH reactivity

particles

ozone

human beings

indoor emissions

VOC

ammonia

Author

G. Beko

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Pawel Wargocki

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Nijing Wang

Max Planck Society

Mengze Li

Max Planck Society

Charles J. Weschler

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Rutgers Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute

Glenn Morrison

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Sarka Langer

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Services Engineering

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

Lisa Ernle

Max Planck Society

Dusan Licina

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL)

Shen Yang

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL)

Nora Zannoni

Max Planck Society

Jonathan Williams

Max Planck Society

Indoor Air

0905-6947 (ISSN) 1600-0668 (eISSN)

Vol. 30 6 1213-1228

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Environmental Sciences

Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Health Engineering

DOI

10.1111/ina.12687

PubMed

32424858

More information

Latest update

11/5/2020