Microwave Corona Breakdown in Strongly Inhomogeneous Fields
Paper in proceedings, 2009

We investigate the main physical properties of microwave corona breakdown in strongly inhomogeneous electric fields. The focus is put on numerical and approximate analytical calculations of the breakdown threshold in an exponential ionization profile, which is the basic form of the ionization profile caused by the field enhancement around irregular and curved conducting objects. The breakdown threshold is a value associated with a certain plasma density profile. We explain the major characteristics of the density profile, its dependance on pressure and the interplay of diffusion and attachment. For lower pressures the diffusion distributes the electrons from regions of high ionization frequency to regions of weak ionization, where the attachment acts as a sink. For high pressures the diffusion becomes negligible and the breakdown threshold is set by the equality of the ionization and attachment frequencies in the high field region.

Author

Joel Rasch

Chalmers, Department of Radio and Space Science, Non-Linear Electrodynamics

Dan Anderson

Chalmers, Department of Radio and Space Science, Non-Linear Electrodynamics

Mietek Lisak

Chalmers, Department of Radio and Space Science, Non-Linear Electrodynamics

V.E. Semenov

Russian Academy of Sciences

J. Puech

CNES Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales

36th European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics 2009, EPS 2009; Sofia; Bulgaria; 29 June 2009 through 3 July 2009

Vol. 33E 657-660

Subject Categories

Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics

ISBN

9781622763368

More information

Latest update

4/16/2018