Scale growth on austenitic alloys under KCl deposits at 500 deg C
Journal article, 2008
The scale growth on two austenitic alloys, Alloy 310 and Sanicro 28, under KCl deposits was examined. This is relevant to the long term corrosion of superheater tubes in biofuel combustion. Coupons were encapsulated in tablets so that 1 mm of KCl with a relative density of 91% covered the metal. Samples were tested at 500 deg C in 5%O2-10%H2O-N2 for 24, 168 and 672 h. After exposure the salt was broken off and the scale was characterised by using SEM-EDX and AES. After 24 h a 50 nm thick oxide surrounded 500 nm thick chromates on the surface. No oxide layer was detected under the chromates and no Cl was found under either layer. The chromate growth requires lateral transportation of Cr along the surface. This reduces the protectiveness of the oxide and accelerates the formation of less protective Fe rich oxides. The formation of chromates also releases HCl inside the KCl tablet. The chromates did not grow significantly between 24 and 168 h, but the oxide grew equally thick beneath and between them and Cl was enriched around the metal oxide interface. After 672 h the oxides were about 5 mum thick and only few chromates were seen. Crystals of KCl formed in areas with thick porous and Fe rich oxides on both alloys.