Parameterization of Acoustic Signatures in Ultrasound Images for the Detection of Human Presence by Autonomous Vehicles
Paper in proceedings, 2010

We address the problem of human detection for autonomous vehicles. Instead of using an optical system, we propose to employ an acoustic 2D array to reliably obtain an image of a human in a 3D spatial power spectrum which is independent of lighting conditions and uses cheap ultrasound sensors. We show that humans have a distinct acoustic signature and propose to model the echoes from reflecting parts of objects in the scene by a Gaussian-Mixture-Model. When the model is fitted to the acoustic image, it is straightforward to obtain geometric relations between the present echoes and represent the acoustic signatures in a low-dimensional parameter space. We present results based on real data measurements that demonstrate that different objects can be reconstructed from the data and discriminated. The obtained parameter space can then be the basis for subsequent detection and classification of humans.

Image Analysis

Array Processing

Signal Modeling

Gaussian-Mixture

Ultrasound

Author

Marco Moebus

A.M. Zoubir

Mats Viberg

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Signal Processing

Proceedings of ICASSP 2010

Subject Categories

Signal Processing

Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

More information

Created

10/8/2017