Parameterization of Acoustic Signatures in Ultrasound Images for the Detection of Human Presence by Autonomous Vehicles
Paper i proceeding, 2010

We address the problem of human detection for autonomous vehicles. Instead of using an optical system, we propose to employ an acoustic 2D array to reliably obtain an image of a human in a 3D spatial power spectrum which is independent of lighting conditions and uses cheap ultrasound sensors. We show that humans have a distinct acoustic signature and propose to model the echoes from reflecting parts of objects in the scene by a Gaussian-Mixture-Model. When the model is fitted to the acoustic image, it is straightforward to obtain geometric relations between the present echoes and represent the acoustic signatures in a low-dimensional parameter space. We present results based on real data measurements that demonstrate that different objects can be reconstructed from the data and discriminated. The obtained parameter space can then be the basis for subsequent detection and classification of humans.

Image Analysis

Array Processing

Signal Modeling

Gaussian-Mixture

Ultrasound

Författare

Marco Moebus

A.M. Zoubir

Mats Viberg

Chalmers, Signaler och system, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Signalbehandling

Proceedings of ICASSP 2010

Ämneskategorier

Signalbehandling

Datorseende och robotik (autonoma system)

Annan elektroteknik och elektronik

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2017-10-08