Physiological characterisation of acuB deletion in Aspergillus niger
Journal article, 2009

The acuB gene of Aspergillus niger is an ortholog of facB in Aspergillus nidulans. Under carbon-repression conditions, facB is repressed, thereby preventing acetate metabolism when the repressing carbon source is present. Even though facB is reported to be repressed directly by CreA, it is believed that a basal level of FacB activity exists under glucose-repressive conditions. In the present study, the effect of deletion of acuB on the physiology of A. niger was assessed. Differences in organic acid and acetate production, enzyme activities and extracellular amino and non-amino organic acid production were determined under glucose-repressing and -derepressing conditions. Furthermore, consumption of alternative carbon sources (e.g. xylose, citrate, lactate and succinate) was investigated. It was shown that AcuB has pleiotropic effects on the physiology of A. niger. The results indicate that metabolic pathways that are not directly involved in acetate metabolism are influenced by acuB deletion. Clear differences in organic acid consumption and production were detected between the a dagger acuB and reference strain. However, the hypothesis that AcuB is responsible for basal AcuA activity necessary for activation of acetate metabolic pathways, even during growth on glucose, could not be confirmed. The experiments demonstrated that also when acuB was deleted, no acetate was formed. Therefore, AcuB cannot be the only activator of AcuA, and another control mechanism has to be available for activating AcuA.

AcuB deletion

citric-acid

acetate regulatory gene

metabolism

fermentation

transcriptional activator

nidulans encodes

saccharomyces-cerevisiae

crea

Organic acids

facb

Signal transduction pathways

glucose

Acetate

carbon catabolite repression

Author

S. L. Meijer

Novartis International AG

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

W. A. de Jongh

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Lisbeth Olsson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Industrial biotechnology

Jens B Nielsen

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences, System Biology

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

0175-7598 (ISSN) 1432-0614 (eISSN)

Vol. 84 1 157-167

Subject Categories

Industrial Biotechnology

Areas of Advance

Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

DOI

10.1007/s00253-009-2027-3

More information

Latest update

2/28/2018