System analysis of hydrogen production from gasified black liquor
Paper in proceedings, 2004
Hydrogen produced from renewable biofuel is both clean and CO2 neutral. This paper evaluates energy and global CO2 emissions consequences of integration of hydrogen production from gasified black liquor in a chemical pulp mill. A model of hydrogen production from gasified black liquor was developed and integration possibilities with the pulp mills energy system were evaluated in order to maximize energy recovery. The potential hydrogen production is 59 000 tonnes per year if integrated with the KAM reference market pulp mill producing 630 000 Air dried tonnes (ADt) pulp/year. Changes of global CO2 emissions associated with modified mill electric power balance, biofuel import and end usage of the produced hydrogen are presented and compared with other uses of gasified black liquor such as electricity production and methanol production. Hydrogen production will result in the greatest reduction of global CO2 emissions and could reduce the Swedish CO2 emissions by 10 % if implemented in all chemical market pulp mills. The associated increases of biofuel and electric power consumption are 5 % and 1.7 %, respectively.
global CO2 emissions