Effects of PHEVs in power distribution systems: reviews and analyses
Paper in proceedings, 2010
This paper deals with the analysis of the impacts of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on the power system, with focus on the low voltage power distribution system. First a review of the technical challenges in the power system due to the mass introduction of PHEVs in the transportation sector is given. Then the paper shows on an analysis of the overloading effects of PHEVs on the distribution system with normal charging and quick charging of PHEVs for an IEEE 13-node distribution test system using power flow analysis. The results of the study show that introduction of PHEVs in the transportation sector will lead to overloading of distribution system and cause voltage problems at the end-users. The paper also analyzes the effects of PHEVs in the transmission system, using the Nordic 32-bus test system. The study results showed that the overloading problem is not prominent. However, one interesting and important result is that PHEVs may lead to overvoltages in some buses in the transmission system which requires the voltage control measures. PHEVs would also lead to increased number of network violations in the contingency analysis.