Ray based multipath simulation tool for studying convergence and estimating ergodic capacity and diversity gain for antennas with given far-field functions
Paper in proceedings, 2010
We propose that the rich isotropic multipath environment should be a reference environment for OTA (over-the-air) characterization of wireless stations for use in multipath, in the same way as the anechoic environment is a reference environment for antennas mounted on masts and rooftops. The rich isotropic multipath environment is emulated by a well designed reverberation chamber, but also by a spherical array of probes in an anechoic chamber. The present paper describes a ray-based simulation tool, ViRM-Lab, which enables users to study the performance of arbitrary user-defined multiport antenna located in user-specified multipath environment. The antennas are defined by their far-field functions of the embedded element (with the other ports matched-load terminated). The environment can be determined by its Angle-of-Arrival (AoA) distribution, richness, and polarization balance. The code is made in such a way that the convergence of the cumulative distribution function (CDF) received on all ports can be studied, as well as the convergence of the statistical expectations when estimating the ergodic Shannon capacity and diversity gain.