The feasibility of low CO2 concentration targets and the role of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)
Journal article, 2010

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC 1992) calls for stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. We use three global energy system models to investigate the technological and economic attainability of meeting CO2 concentration targets below current levels. Our scenario studies reveal that while energy portfolios from a broad range of energy technologies are needed to attain low concentrations, negative emission technologies-e.g., biomass energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)-significantly enhances the possibility to meet low concentration targets (at around 350 ppm CO2).

Author

Christian Azar

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Kristian Lindgren

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

M. Obersteiner

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

K. Rihai

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

D. van Duuren

Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

M.G.J den Elzen

Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

Kenneth Möllersten

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

E.D. Larsson

Climate Central

Princeton University

Climatic Change

0165-0009 (ISSN) 1573-1480 (eISSN)

Vol. 100 1 195-202

Subject Categories

Physical Sciences

Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Other Environmental Engineering

Other Physics Topics

Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified

DOI

10.1007/s10584-010-9832-7

More information

Created

10/7/2017