Extended DNA-Recognition Repertoire of Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA): PNA-dsDNA triplex formed with cytosine-rich homopyrimidine PNA
Journal article, 1997
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is an oligonucleotide mimic in which the backbone of DNA has been replaced by a pseudopeptide. Thymine-rich homopyrimidine PNA oligomers have been found to recognize double-stranded DNA targets by displacement of the pyrimidine DNA strand and forming an internal Watson-Crick-Hoogsteen base-paired PNA(pyr)-DNA(pu)-PNA(pyr) tripler. We here show that cytosine-rich homopyrimidine PNA sequences instead add to double-stranded polynucleotide targets as Hoogsteen strands forming PNA(pyr)-DNA(pu)-DNA(pyr) triplexes. Furthermore, PNA strands with homopurine or alternating thymine-guanine sequences are shown to invade their respective DNA targets by displacing the identical DNA strands of the polynucleotides and forming new PNA-DNA duplexes. These results indicate distinct mechanistic variations as to how PNA interacts with a DNA target depending on choice of nucleobases, which could be of importance for future design of gene-specific diagnostic or therapeutic agents.