Reburning of Nitric Oxide in Oxy-Fuel Firing-The Influence of Combustion Conditions
Journal article, 2011
Experiments were carried out to obtain data on the efficiency of nitric oxide (NO) reduction by reburning under oxy-fuel conditions. The work was carried out in a 100 kW test facility fired with propane. The data were analyzed by means of a combustion model, which included a detailed description of the reburning chemistry. The importance of several combustion parameters on the reburning efficiency was studied: inlet oxygen concentration, flue gas recycle ratio, temperature, and stoichiometric ratio. The inlet oxygen concentration was kept between 25 and 37 vol % and the burner stoichiometric ratio between 0.7 and 1.15. NO was injected in the oxidizer. As expected, similar to air-firing, reburning in oxy-fuel is favored by substoichiometric conditions. A decrease in combustion temperature, caused by a lowered stoichiometric ratio, is shown to be advantageous for reduction of NO under oxy-fuel conditions. The effect of inlet oxygen concentration on reburning is not significant as long as the combustion conditions are fuel-lean. However, the amount of recycled flue gas, which increases with decreasing oxygen content, significantly improves the total reduction. Instead, when the stoichiometric ratio is decreased, the recycle flow of the flue gas is reduced, which, to some extent, counteracts the otherwise positive effect of fuel-rich conditions in the flame zone in oxy-fuel conditions. Thus, during oxygen-rich combustion, the total reburning efficiency in oxy-fuel combustion is superior to once-through reburning in air-firing, but during substoichiometric conditions, the reduction in air and oxy-fuel combustion is comparable.