Oxygen Carriers for Chemical Looping Combustion-4000 h of Operational Experience
Journal article, 2011

Oxygen Carriers for Chemical Looping Combustion - 4000 h of Operational Experience - Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is a new combustion technology with inherent separation of the greenhouse gas CO(2). The technology involves the use of a metal oxide as an oxygen carrier which transfers oxygen from combustion air to the fuel, and hence a direct contact between air and fuel is avoided. Two interconnected fluidized beds, a fuel reactor and an air reactor, are used in the process. The outlet gas from the fuel reactor consists of CO(2) and H(2)O, and the latter is easily removed by condensation. Considerable research has been conducted on CLC in the last years with respect to oxygen carrier development, reactor design system efficiencies and prototype testing. Today, more than 700 materials have been tested and the technology has been successfully demonstrated in chemical looping combustors in the size range 0.3-140 kW, using different types of oxygen carriers based on oxides of the metals Ni, Co, Fe, Cu and Mn. The total time of operational experience is more than 4000 hours. From these tests, it can be established that almost complete conversion of the fuel can be obtained and 100% CO(2) capture is possible. Most work so far has been focused on gaseous fuels, but the direct application to solid fuels is also being studied. This paper presents an overview of operational experience with oxygen carriers in chemical looping combustors.


fluidized-bed reactor


petroleum coke






methane combustion

synthesis gas generation


Anders Lyngfelt

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Oil and Gas Science and Technology

1294-4475 (ISSN)

Vol. 66 2 161-172

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Chemical Process Engineering



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