Probabilistic Threat Assessment and Driver Modeling in Collision Avoidance Systems
Paper in proceedings, 2011

This paper presents a probabilistic framework for decision-making in collision avoidance systems, targeting all types of collision scenarios with all types of single road users and objects. Decisions on when and how to assist the driver are made by taking a Bayesian approach to estimate how a collision can be avoided by an autonomous brake intervention, and the probability that the driver will consider the intervention as motivated. The driver model makes it possible to initiate earlier braking when it is estimated that the driver acceptance for interventions is high. The framework and the proposed driver model are evaluated in several scenarios, using authentic tracker data and a differential GPS. It is shown that the driver model can increase the benefit of collision avoidance systems — particularly in traffic situations where the future trajectory of another road user is hard for the driver to predict, e.g. when a playing child enters the roadway.

autonomous braking

collision avoidance

driver modeling

threat assessment

automotive safety

Author

Fredrik Sandblom

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Signal Processing

Mattias Brännström

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Systems and control, Mechatronics

IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Proceedings

914-919 5940554

Areas of Advance

Information and Communication Technology

Transport

Subject Categories

Vehicle Engineering

Control Engineering

Signal Processing

DOI

10.1109/IVS.2011.5940554

ISBN

978-1-4577-0890-9

More information

Created

10/6/2017