A multifaceted approach to hydrogen storage
Journal article, 2011

The widespread adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier could bring significant benefits, but only if a number of currently intractable problems can be overcome. Not the least of these is the problem of storage, particularly when aimed at use onboard light-vehicles. The aim of this overview is to look in depth at a number of areas linked by the recently concluded HYDROGEN research network, representing an intentionally multi-faceted selection with the goal of advancing the field on a number of fronts simultaneously. For the general reader we provide a concise outline of the main approaches to storing hydrogen before moving on to detailed reviews of recent research in the solid chemical storage of hydrogen, and so provide an entry point for the interested reader on these diverse topics. The subjects covered include: the mechanisms of Ti catalysis in alanates; the kinetics of the borohydrides and the resulting limitations; novel transition metal catalysts for use with complex hydrides; less common borohydrides; protic-hydridic stores; metal ammines and novel approaches to nano-confined metal hydrides.

metal borohydrides

reorientational motion

quartz

thermal-decomposition

clathrate hydrate

density-functional theory

crystal microbalance

cox-free hydrogen

sodium aluminum-hydride

imidazolate frameworks

generalized gradient approximation

Author

A. J. Churchard

University of Warsaw

E. Banach

Royal Dutch Shell

A. Borgschulte

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

R. Caputo

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich (ETH)

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

J. C. Chen

Gorlaeus Laboratories

D. Clary

University of Oxford

K. J. Fijalkowski

University of Warsaw

H. Geerlings

Delft University of Technology

Royal Dutch Shell

R. V. Genova

University of Warsaw

W. Grochala

University of Warsaw

T. Jaron

University of Warsaw

J. C. Juanes-Marcos

Gorlaeus Laboratories

Bengt Herbert Kasemo

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Chemical Physics

G. J. Kroes

Gorlaeus Laboratories

I. Ljubic

Institute Ruder Boskovic

University of Oxford

Nicola Naujoks

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Chemical Physics

J. K. Norskov

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

Stanford University

R. A. Olsen

Gorlaeus Laboratories

F. Pendolino

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

A. Remhof

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

Lorand Romanszki

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Chemical Physics

A. Tekin

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Istanbul Teknik Universitesi

T. Vegge

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Michael Zäch

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Chemical Physics

A. Zuttel

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

1463-9076 (ISSN) 1463-9084 (eISSN)

Vol. 13 16955-16972

Subject Categories

Chemical Sciences

DOI

10.1039/c1cp22312g