Economic and greenhouse gas emissions assessment of excess biomass extracted from future kraft pulp mills
Paper in proceedings, 2002

Different studies have shown that the process heat requirements of future pulp mills can be satisfied using available internal biomass (bark and lignin), which are process by-products. Assuming that biomass is CO2 neutral, further reducing the process heat demand will not therefore lead to further reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions - unless the excess biomass is extracted and used elsewhere to substitute fossil fuels. Previous work has demonstrated the potential to extract and export significant amounts of biofuel from future pulp mills. The associated extraction costs can be competitive with conventional forest fuels. However, biofuel extraction reduces the mill's potential to cogenerate electric power. This reduced power output must be compensated by increased purchased power from the grid, with associated costs and emissions. Such emissions must be affected to the extracted biofuel, which cannot therefore be considered as CO2 neutral. This paper presents results for costs and associated greenhouse gas emissions for excess biofuel extracted from a pulp mill. The results show that the extraction costs are competitive, but that the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the exported biofuel can be significant and must therefore not be neglected.

Author

Anders Ådahl

Chalmers, Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Heat and Power Technology

Simon Harvey

Chalmers, Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Heat and Power Technology

Thore Berntsson

Chalmers, Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Heat and Power Technology

Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies

Vol. 1 1237-1242

6th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies
Kyoto, Japan,

Subject Categories

Chemical Engineering

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4/29/2019