Reliability-Centred Maintenance for Wind Turbines Based on Statistical Analysis and Practical Experience
Journal article, 2012
The concept of Reliability-Centred Maintenance (RCM) is applied to the two wind turbine models Vestas V44-600kW and V90-2MW. The executing RCM workgroup includes an owner and operator of the analyzed wind turbines, a maintenance service provider, a provider of condition-monitoring services and wind-turbine component supplier as well as
researchers at academia. Combining the results of failure
statistics and assessment of expert judgement, the analysis is focused on the most critical subsystems with respect to failure frequencies and consequences: the gearbox, the generator, the electrical system and the hydraulic system. The study provides the most relevant functional failures, reveals their causes and underlying mechanisms and identifies remedial measures to prevent either the failure itself or critical secondary damage. The
study forms the basis for development of quantitative models for maintenance strategy selection and optimization, but may also provide a feedback of field experience for further improvement of wind-turbine design.