A Distributed Heterostructure Barrier Varactor Frequency Tripler
Journal article, 2000
We present a broadband nonlinear transmission line (NLTL) frequency multiplier at F-band. The multiplier consists of a finline section periodically loaded with 15 heterostructure barrier varactor (HBV) diodes. Tapered slot antennas are used to couple the fundamental signal from a WR-22 rectangular waveguide to the distributed multiplier as well as radiate the output power into free space. The frequency tripler exhibits 10-dBm peak radiated power at 130.5 GHz with more than 10% 3-dB bandwidth and 7% conversion efficiency. The tripler can be used as an inexpensive broad-band solid-state source for millimeter-wave applications.