Constrained Freeway Traffic Control via Linear Parameter Varying Paradigms
Book chapter, 2012
A novel freeway traffic control design framework is proposed in the chapter. The derivation is based on the parameter-dependent reformulation of the second-order macroscopic freeway model. Hard physical constraints are handled implicitly, by introducing additional scheduling parameter for controller saturation measure. The ramp metering problem is then formulated as an induced L2 norm minimization, where the effects of undesired traffic phenomena are attenuated on the network throughput. The solution of the resulting problem involves convex optimization methods subjected to Linear Matrix Inequalities. A numerical example is given to validate the parameter-dependent controller and evaluate its effectiveness under various traffic situations.