Unitary isotropically distributed inputs are not capacity-achieving for large-MIMO fading channels
Paper in proceedings, 2012
We analyze the capacity of Rayleigh block-fading multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels in the noncoherent setting and prove that unitary space-time modulation (USTM) is not capacity-achieving when the total number of antennas exceeds the coherence time of the fading channel. This situation is relevant for MIMO systems with large antenna arrays (large-MIMO systems). Our result settles a conjecture by Zheng & Tse (2002) in the affirmative. The capacity-achieving input signal, which we refer to as Beta-variate space-time modulation (BSTM), turns out to be the product of a unitary isotropically distributed random matrix, and a diagonal matrix whose nonzero entries are distributed as the eigenvalues of a Beta-distributed random matrix of appropriate size. Numerical results illustrate that using BSTM instead of USTM in large-MIMO systems yields a rate gain as large as 13% for SNR values of practical interest.