Multinational technology and intellectual property management - Is there global convergence and/or specialisation?
Journal article, 2014

The paper gives various indications of market and technology diversification as well as of global market and technology convergence (rather than specialization) in the context of managerial, legal and economic convergence. The results show that different countries focus on a wider but increasingly similar set of markets for R&D outputs in form of patents, which implies increasing intra-national market diversification and inter-national market convergence. The results also show that different countries focus on a wider but increasingly similar set of technologies that are patented, which implies increasing intra-national technology diversification and inter-national technology convergence. In addition, intellectual property (IP) legal convergence takes place as newly industrialized countries (NICs) have strengthened their IP regimes in compliance with TRIPS and subsequently do so in the context of their indigenous innovation policies. Asian NICs have significantly increased their international patenting and supply of patented inventions. Altogether, this puts new demands across countries on multinational technology and innovation management skills, and in particular multinational IP management skills.


intellectual property regime

market specialization

market convergence


revealed market advantage

patent statistics


technology management

Technology convergence

technological specialization

intellectual property management

revealed technological advantage


Ove Granstrand

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Industrial Management and Economics

Marcus Holgersson

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Innovation and R&D Management

International Journal of Technology Management

0267-5730 (ISSN) 1741-5276 (eISSN)

Vol. 64 2-4 117-147

Subject Categories


Law (excluding Law and Society)

Driving Forces

Innovation and entrepreneurship



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