LCA as an element in environmental management systems—comparison of conditions in selected organisations in Poland, Sweden and Germany. Part 2: Results of survey research
Journal article, 2013

Purpose In this two-part paper (Background and Initial Assumptions (Part 1) and Results of Survey Research (Part 2)), we present surveys whose main objective is to determine, whether and to what extent the life cycle assessment (LCA) technique is used for the identification and assessment of environmental aspects in environmental management systems (EMS) and whether there are any differences in this respect between the companies and countries analysed. Methods The survey research was carried out using the computer assisted self-administered interviewing (CASI) method among selected Polish, German and Swedish organisations which implement EMS in accordance with the requirements of ISO 14001 and/or the EMAS regulation. Results The organisations investigated, regardless of their country, are dominated by qualitative and semi-quantitative techniques of assessment and identification of environmental aspects. LCA was used sporadically, although some differences can be observed between the countries analysed. Conclusions The environmental managers accustomed to traditional qualitative and semi-quantitative solutions, have not been given preparation to enable them to understand and adopt the different approaches such as LCA. On the other hand, representatives of the organisations investigated declared that they were ready to accept an even longer timescale for the identification and assessment processes relating to environmental aspects, which represents a potential opportunity for LCA. The more precise understanding and definition of environmental problems that are precisely defined in LCA would represent a novelty for environmental managers. In practice, environmental problems are defined in a general sense and rather ambiguously, as this level of detail is sufficient in the context of qualitative and semi-quantitative techniques commonly used for the identification and assessment of environmental aspects.

Environmental management systems

Environmental aspects


Life cycle assessment


Anna Lewandowska

Poznań University of Economics and Business

Kurczewski Przemyslaw

Poznan University of Technology

Joanna Kulczycka

Polish Academy of Sciences

Katarzyna Joachimiak

Poznań University of Economics and Business

Alina Matuszak-Flejszman

Poznań University of Economics and Business

Henrikke Baumann

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Environmental Systems Analysis

Andreas Ciroth

GreenDeltaTC GmbH

International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

0948-3349 (ISSN)

Vol. 18 2 481-489

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance




Subject Categories

Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Environmental Engineering

Economics and Business



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