Impact of base station antenna tilt on the performance of network MIMO systems
Paper in proceedings, 2012
We study the downlink of a multicell MIMO system where clusters of multi-antenna base stations jointly serve multiple single-antenna users, commonly referred to as a network MIMO system. Most of the previous studies on network MIMO have only considered the azimuth pattern of the antenna, while ignoring the elevation pattern. In this paper, we consider both the azimuth and the elevation patterns and investigate the impact of the elevation angle tuning parameter, denoted as the antenna tilt, on the performance of such systems. Using system simulations, it is shown that the promised performance gains of network MIMO systems over conventional non-coordinated systems, crucially depend on the choice of the right tilt setting including the tilt type, i.e., mechanical or electrical, and the tilt angle. In particular, for tilt angles smaller than the optimum, network MIMO with intra-site coordination performs almost as well as the conventional system; while for tilt angles larger than the optimum, the performance of network MIMO with intra-site is similar to that of network MIMO with inter-site coordination.