Carbon Control in PM Sintering: Industrial Applications and Experience so Far
Paper in proceedings, 2012

Challenges in controlling carbon potential during sintering of steel powder have been discussed in many experimental and theoretical studies. The main issues lie within the complex thermodynamics and kinetics of processing atmosphere chemistry in continuous sintering furnaces. Although many models have tried to address the problem, many of these have rarely come to reality and become an industrial practice. The purpose of this article is to summarize these discussions and investigate the interaction of the atmosphere constituents with the sintered compact within a sintering furnace. Considering an industrial practice perspective, the paper ensures the PM Industry with a fresh new look into the understanding of the furnace operations and provides recommendations to improve the control of the furnace conditions. As an example, existing furnace installation utilizing Linde SINTERFLEX technology allows monitor and/or control the furnace atmosphere. Article describes reduction of oxides and carbon potentials to enable optimization of the production parameters.

carbon potential


PM steels

sintering atmospheres


Eduard Hryha

Chalmers, Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Surface and Microstructure Engineering

Lars Nyborg

Chalmers, Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Surface and Microstructure Engineering

Akin Malas

Sören Wiberg

Sigurd Berg

Proc. of EURO PM2012 Congress & Exhibition, 16-19 September 2012, Basel, Switzerland

Vol. 1 265-270

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Materials Engineering

Other Materials Engineering

Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

Areas of Advance




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