Preprint, 2012

Grimmett's random-orientation percolation is formulated as follows. The square lattice is used to generate an oriented graph such that each edge is oriented rightwards (resp. upwards) with probability $p$ and leftwards (resp. downwards) otherwise. We consider a variation of Grimmett's model proposed by Hegarty, in which edges are oriented away from the origin with probability $p$, and towards it with probability $1-p$, which implies rotational instead of translational symmetry. We show that both models could be considered as special cases of random-oriented percolation in the NE-quadrant, provided that the critical value for the latter is 1/2. As a corollary, we unconditionally obtain a non-trivial lower bound for the critical value of Hegarty's random-orientation model. The second part of the paper is devoted to higher dimensions and we show that the Grimmett model percolates in any slab of height at least 3 in $\mathbb{Z}^3$.

percolation

phase transition.

random orientations

University of Gothenburg

Chalmers, Mathematical Sciences

Basic sciences

Probability Theory and Statistics

Discrete Mathematics