Sum rate analysis of ZF receivers in distributed MIMO systems with Rayleigh/Lognormal fading
Paper in proceedings, 2012
This paper presents a detailed sum rate characterization of distributed multiple-input multiple-output systems operating over composite fading channels and employing linear zero-forcing receivers. We consider the Rayleigh/Lognormal fading model and also take into account the effects of path-loss and spatial correlation at the transmit side. New closed-form upper and lower bounds on the achievable sum rate are proposed that apply for arbitrary numbers of antennas. Moreover, we investigate the concept of large-scale multiple-antenna systems when the number of receive antennas grow large. In this asymptotic regime, it is shown that the effects of Rayleigh fading are averaged out and the channel is dominated by the much more slowly varying shadowing. An interesting observation from our results is that in order to maximize capacity, the radio ports should be placed at unequal distances to the base station when they experience the same level of shadowing.