Structural Changes of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) after Fungal and Phosphoric Acid Pretreatment
Journal article, 2012

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) was pretreated using white-rot fungus Pleurotus floridanus, phosphoric acid or their combination, and the results were evaluated based on the biomass components, and its structural and morphological changes. The carbohydrate losses after fungal, phosphoric acid, and fungal followed by phosphoric acid pretreatments were 7.89%, 35.65%, and 33.77%, respectively. The pretreatments changed the hydrogen bonds of cellulose and linkages between lignin and carbohydrate, which is associated with crystallinity of cellulose of OPEFB. Lateral Order Index (LOI) of OPEFB with no pretreatment, with fungal, phosphoric acid, and fungal followed by phosphoric acid pretreatments were 2.77, 1.42, 0.67, and 0.60, respectively. Phosphoric acid pretreatment showed morphological changes of OPEFB, indicated by the damage of fibre structure into smaller particle size. The fungal-, phosphoric acid-, and fungal followed by phosphoric acid pretreatments have improved the digestibility of OPEFB's cellulose by 4, 6.3, and 7.4 folds, respectively.

enzymatic-hydrolysis

ft-ir spectroscopy

ethanol-production

crystalline-structure

phosphoric acid

crystallinity

white-rot fungi

Pleurotus floridanus

x-ray-diffraction

solid-state fermentation

biological pretreatment

digestibility

production

FTIR spectra

infrared-spectroscopy

oil palm empty fruit bunch

cellulose I.

hydrogen bond

pretreatment

biogas

Author

Isroi Isroi

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering

M. M. Ishola

Lagos State University

University of Borås

Ria Millati

Gadjah Mada University

S. Syamsiah

Gadjah Mada University

M. N. Cahyanto

Gadjah Mada University

Claes Niklasson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Mohammad Taherzadeh Esfahani

University of Borås

Molecules

1420-3049 (ISSN)

Vol. 17 12 14995-15012

Subject Categories

Industrial Biotechnology

Areas of Advance

Energy

DOI

10.3390/molecules171214995

More information

Latest update

3/8/2018 9