Analysing biomass torrefaction supply chain costs
Journal article, 2013

The objective of the present work was to develop a techno-economic system model to evaluate how logistics and production parameters affect the torrefaction supply chain costs under Swedish conditions. The model consists of four sub-models: (1) supply system, (2) a complete energy and mass balance of drying, torrefaction and densification, (3) investment and operating costs of a green field, stand-alone torrefaction pellet plant, and (4) distribution system to the gate of an end user. The results show that the torrefaction supply chain reaps significant economies of scale up to a plant size of about 150–200 kiloton dry substance per year (ktonDS/year), for which the total supply chain costs accounts to 31.8 euro per megawatt hour based on lower heating value (€/MWhLHV). Important parameters affecting total cost are amount of available biomass, biomass premium, logistics equipment, biomass moisture content, drying technology, torrefaction mass yield and torrefaction plant capital expenditures (CAPEX).


Supply chain



System analysis


Martin Svanberg

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Logistics & Transportation

Olofsson Ingemar

Umeå University

Jonas Flodén

University of Gothenburg

Nordin Anders

Umeå University

Bioresource Technology

0960-8524 (ISSN)

Vol. 142 August 287-296

Subject Categories

Transport Systems and Logistics

Business Administration



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