Exploiting statistical and outdated CSI in multiuser downlink transmission
Paper in proceedings, 2012
In this paper, we propose a multiuser downlink transmission scheme, which exploits both the statistical and outdated channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter. The proposed scheme extends the outdated CSI-aided scheme, first introduced by Maddah-Ali and Tse in  (denoted as MAT), by sending symbols demanded by a user along its statistical eigenmodes, instead of directly sending the symbols through separate antennas, and we refer to it as statistical eigenmode-MAT (SE-MAT). Considering zero-forcing receiver, we explicitly prove that the proposed SE-MAT scheme can achieve a higher ergodic sum-rate compared to the original MAT scheme, under different correlation conditions. Moreover, a user selection method which selects statistically orthogonal users for the SE-MAT transmission is proposed to further improve the system performance.