A swedish grouting design concept: Hydraulic testing and selection of grout
Paper in proceedings, 2012
Some grouting boreholes take no grout and some boreholes take too much, two extremes related to grouting technique, grout properties and the properties of fractures intersecting the boreholes. Successful sealing of rock and soil demands an adequate description of the system to be grouted as a basis for grouting design and selection of grouting material. The basis for this Swedish concept of grouting design is the individual fractures and the hydraulic apertures, b, of these fractures. The hydraulic aperture is an important parameter to describe the grouting behavior and is used to determine if the grout can enter the fractures, the penetrability. The hydraulic aperture also determines the penetration length in addition to grout parameters e.g. yield stress, τ0, and viscosity, μg as well as grouting pressure and time. Knowing these parameters, a proper grouting technique can be adapted. Important input for both design and performance are simple and practical tests of rock and grout and the intention of this paper is to present a testing procedure and give examples from laboratory and field experiences that the approach actually works. © 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers.