A Real-time MHE and NMPC Scheme for Wind Turbine Control
Paper in proceedings, 2013
Among the several problems arising in the Airborne Wind Energy paradigm, an essential one is the control of the tethered airfoil trajectory during power generation. Tethered flight is a fast, strongly nonlinear, unstable and constrained process, motivating control approaches based on fast Non-linear Model Predictive Control. In this paper, a computationally efficient model is proposed, based on Differential-Algebraic equations. A control scheme based on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) and an estimator based on Moving Horizon Estimation (MHE) is proposed to handle the wind turbulences. In order to make a real-time application of Non-linear Model Predictive Control possible, a Real-Time Iteration scheme is proposed.
Real-time NMPC and MHE
Wind turbine control