Anisotropic growth of gold nanoparticles using cationic gemini surfactants: effects of structure variations in head and tail groups
Journal article, 2014

A library of gemini surfactants is employed to study surfactant directed anisotropic growth of gold nanoparticles. The surfactants are modified with respect to the length and type of the tails, as well as of the spacer group. By analyzing the structure of the anisotropic nanoparticles, it is possible to extract information on how the structure of the surfactants influences the anisotropic gold nanocrystal growth. We find that the tail length of the surfactants has a greater influence on the resulting nanoparticle aspect ratio compared to the chemical nature of the spacer group. While clear trends between the aspect ratio and the tail as well as spacer length remain elusive, we observe that surfactants with a critical micelle concentration of similar to 1 mM produce particles with the highest aspect ratio. A crystallographic analysis of nanorods obtained using gemini surfactants reveals that they grow along < 100 > and are bound by {310} facets. This observation, which is specific for gemini surfactants, is explained by taking into account the preferential alignment of gemini surfactants with surface steps as suggested by electronic structure calculations.

ALKANEDIYL-ALPHA

AGGREGATION

SEED-MEDIATED GROWTH

OMEGA-BIS(DIMETHYLALKYLAMMONIUM BROMIDE) SURFACTANTS

ASPECT-RATIO

NANOGAPS

ADSORPTION

AQUEOUS-SOLUTION

AU NANORODS

Author

T. Jain

University of Copenhagen

Ali Tehrani

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Applied Surface Chemistry

Himanshu Shekhar

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Materials and Surface Theory

Ross Crawford

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Materials and Surface Theory

E. Johnson

University of Copenhagen

K. Norgaard

University of Copenhagen

Krister Holmberg

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Applied Surface Chemistry

Paul Erhart

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Materials and Surface Theory

Kasper Moth-Poulsen

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Applied Surface Chemistry

Journal of Materials Chemistry C

2050-7526 (eISSN)

Vol. 2 6 994-1003

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Energy

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Physical Chemistry

Nano Technology

DOI

10.1039/c3tc32057j

More information

Latest update

5/17/2018