Feasibility Study of 1/3 Thorium-Plutonium Mixed Oxide Core
Journal article, 2014

Thorium-plutonium mixed oxide (Th-MOX) fuel has become one of the most promising solutions to reduce a large and increasing plutonium stockpile. Compared with traditional uranium-plutonium mixed oxide (U-MOX) fuels, Th-MOX fuel has higher consumption rate of plutonium in LWRs. Besides, thorium based fuels have improved thermomechanical material properties compared with traditional U-MOX fuels. Previous studies on a full Th-MOX core have shown reduced efficiency in reactivity control mechanisms, stronger reactivity feedback, and a significantly lower fraction of delayed neutrons compared with a traditional uranium oxide (UOX) core. These problems complicate the implementation of a full Th-MOX core in a similar way as for a traditional U-MOX core. In order to reduce and avoid some of these issues, the introduction of a lower fraction of Th-MOX fuel in the core is proposed. In this study, one-third of the assemblies are Th-MOX fuel, and the rest are traditional UOX fuel. The feasibility study is based on the Swedish Ringhals-3 PWR. The results show that the core characteristics are more similar to a traditional UOX core, and the fraction of delayed neutrons is within acceptable limits. Moreover, the damping of axial xenon oscillations induced by control rod insertions is almost 5 times more effective for the 1/3 Th-MOX core compared with the standard core.





Cheuk Wah Lau

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Nuclear Engineering

Henrik Nylén

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Nuclear Engineering

Klara L Insulander Björk

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Nuclear Engineering

U. Sandberg

Ringhals AB

Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations

1687-6075 (ISSN) 1687-6083 (eISSN)

Vol. 2014 Art. no. 709415 709415

Subject Categories

Subatomic Physics

Areas of Advance




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