Energy Efficiency Analysis of Rank-1 Ricean Fading MIMO Channel
Paper in proceedings, 2014
This paper studies the energy efficiency (EE) of a point-to-point rank-1 Ricean fading multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) channel. In particular, a tight lower bound and an asymptotic approximation for the EE of the considered MIMO system are presented, under the assumption that the channel is unknown at the transmitter and perfectly known at the receiver. Moreover, the effects of different system parameters, namely, transmit power, spectral efficiency (SE), and number of transmit and receive antennas, on the EE are analytically investigated. An important observation is that, in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime and with the other system parameters fixed, the optimal transmit power that maximizes the EE increases as the Ricean-K factor increases. On the contrary, the optimal SE and the optimal number of transmit antennas decrease as K increases.