￼Model-based diesel Engine Management System optimization for transient engine operation
Journal article, 2014
A recently developed strategy to calculate set points for controllable diesel engine systems is described, further developed, and evaluated. The strategy calculates set points with an aim to minimize fuel consumption for a given dynamic vehicle driving cycle, while keeping accumulated emissions below given limits. The strategy is based on existing methodology for steady-state engine operation, but extended to handle transient effects in the engine caused by dynamics in the engine air system. Using the strategy, set points for the complete operating range of the engine can be calculated off-line and stored in an Engine Management System, hence set points can be derived for any (steady-state or transient) driving scenario. The strategy has been evaluated using a simulation model of a complete diesel engine vehicle system. The model estimates fuel consumption, NOX, and soot emissions for a dynamic vehicle driving cycle depending on set points for boost pressure, oxygen fraction in the intake manifold, and injection timing, throughout the simulation. Using this simulation model, the strategy has been shown to decrease fuel consumption for the New European Driving Cycle with 0.56%, the Federal Test Procedure with 1.04%, and the Japanese JC08 cycle with 0.84% compared to a strategy based on steady-state engine operation.