Learning lessons in resilient traffic management: A cross-domain study of Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) and Air Traffic Control (ATC)
Book chapter, 2012

Although younger than the maritime domain, aviation has had a huge impact on the system design and development within shipping. Stakeholders often look towards aviation to make shipping, and the way that traffic is handled and organised, safer, more efficient and more effective. Although legally not the same, Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) is frequently compared to Air Traffic Control (ATC). In this article the area of traffic management within the maritime and aviation domains is addressed from a Resilience Engineering perspective. Focus is placed on the arrival part of a mission. The comparison is based on information collected during two study visits at VTS centres and one study visit at an ATC centre. The two organisations are described with the help of the Resilient Engineering capabilities: to respond, to monitor, to anticipate, and to learn. Furthermore, it is discussed how VTS and ATC adapt to cope with the complexity encountered during daily work

Air Traffic Control

Resilience Engineering

Vessel Traffic Service


Gesa Praetorius

Chalmers, Shipping and Marine Technology, Division of Maritime Operations

Fulko Cornelis van Westrenen

Deborah Louise Rushton

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Fluid Dynamics

Erik Hollnagel

Human Factors: a view from an integrative perspective

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Transport Systems and Logistics

Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance




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