2×2-slot Element for 60GHz Planar Array Antenna Realized on Two Doubled-sided PCBs Using SIW Cavity and EBG-type Soft Surface fed by Microstrip-Ridge Gap Waveguide
Journal article, 2014
A wideband 2x2-slot element for a 60-GHz antenna array is designed by making use of two double-sided printed circuit boards (PCBs). The upper PCB contains the four radiating cavity-backed slots, where the cavity is formed in substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) using metalized via holes. The SIW cavity is excited by a coupling slot. The excitation slot is fed by a microstrip-ridge gap waveguide formed in the air gap between the upper and lower PCBs. The lower PCB contains the microstrip line, being short-circuited to the ground plane of the lower PCB with via holes, and with additional metalized via holes alongside the microstrip line to form a stopband for parallel-platemodes in the air gap. The designed element can be used in large arrays with distribution networks realized in such microstrip-ridge gap waveguide technology. Therefore, the present paper describes a generic study in an infinite array environment, and performance is measured in terms of the active reflection coefficient S11 and the power lost in grating lobes. The study shows that the radiation characteristics of the array antenna is considerably improved by using a soft surface EBG-type SIW corrugation between each 2x2-slot element in E-plane to reduce the mutual coupling. The study is verified by measurements on a 4x4 element array surrounded by dummy elements and including a transition to rectangular waveguide WR15.
substrate integrated waveguide (SIW)
soft and hard surfaces
slot antenna array