Design of 60GHz Planar Array Antennas Using PCB-based Microstrip-Ridge Gap Waveguide and SIW
Paper in proceedings, 2014
A wideband 2×2-slot element for a 60 GHz antenna array is designed by making use of two double-sided printed circuit boards (PCBs). The upper PCB contains the four radiating cavity-backed slots backed by a substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) cavity. The SIW cavity is excited by a coupling slot fed by a microstrip-ridge gap waveguide formed in the air gap between the upper and lower PCBs. The designed 2×2-slot element is considered in an infinite array environment. A sample 32×32 slot array aperture is simulated using infinite array approach and the relative bandwidth of 16% over 57-66GHz frequency range with the directivity of more than 38 dBi over the operating bandwidth is obtained. The simulations are verified by measurements on a smaller 4×4 slot array surrounded by dummy elements.