Online Detection of H2O and CO in the Humid Raw Gas from the Gasifier Using Terahertz Spectroscopy
Paper in proceedings, 2013
The integration of a gasifier with a complex multistage synthesis process, such as SNG synthesis, demands a fast monitoring of the gasifier performance. However, despite the availability of standard analyzers for determination of dry gas composition, there are still many practical difficulties remaining in the online measurement of tar and steam in the raw gas. For the detection of steam concentration, electromagnetic waves at terahertz frequencies (102-104 GHz) are promising with regard to development of a robust online measurement device for industrial application. The main reason for the high potential is the low risk for interference with the wide range of other molecules and that the transmission of electromagnetic waves at THz frequencies is rather low sensitive to deposits and particulate matter in the course of the beam compared to the conventional and well established wavelengths like infrared. In the present work, a THz gas spectrometer was designed and constructed to check the feasibility of applying this measurement technique at industrial scale. For this purpose, continuous flows of raw gas with various water and CO contents from the Chalmers gasifier as well as a flue gas with known water content from the biomass combustor were introduced to the spectrometer set-up. H2O and CO compositions in each stream were determined in an online manner. The results confirmed the possibility of applying strong rotational water lines at 448 and 380 GHz to develop reliable devices for online measurement of water vapor with excellent error interval. However, some difficulties were encountered for simultaneous detection CO concentration with water within the frequency range studied in this work (300-500 GHz).
water vapor detection
hot gas cell.