Battery Aspects on Fires in Electrified Vehicles
Other conference contribution, 2014

Safety issues concerning the use of large lithium-ion batteries in electrified vehicles are discussed based on abuse test results of lithium-ion cells together with safety devices for cells. The presented abuse tests are; propane fire test, external heating test (oven), overcharge and short circuit. It was found that in a fire, cells with higher state of charge (SOC) gave a higher heat release rate (HRR) while the total heat release (THR) had a lower correlation with SOC. One fire test resulted in a hazardous projectile from a cylindrical cell. Toxic gas emissions of hydrogen fluoride (HF) were measured in the fire tests and it was found that the total amount of HF released increased with lower SOC.



toxic gases

thermal runaway

lithium-ion battery

electrified vehicle


Carl Fredrik Larsson

Chalmers, Applied Physics

Petra Andersson

Bengt-Erik Mellander

Chalmers, Applied Physics

Fires in vehicles (FIVE) 2014 Conference proceedings

0284-5172 (ISSN)

Vol. 2014 209-220
978-91-87461-87-3 (ISBN)

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance



Materials Science

Subject Categories

Other Engineering and Technologies

Other Physics Topics

Other Materials Engineering



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