Optimization of Carbothermal Reactions for Producing Nanostructured Tungsten Carbide Powders
Paper in proceedings, 2014
The development of efficient production processes for obtaining nanostructured WC powders can
promote a significant improvement in mechanical properties of WC-based hard materials. In this work
a systematic study has been carried out combining different atmosphere compositions and different
carbon sources in order to understand the interaction between tungsten sources (W or WO3 powder),
carbon (graphite or carbon black), and the active gases present in the atmosphere (H2, H2O, CO,
CO2). WC-powders were obtained by mechanical activation of tungsten and carbon precursors
followed by thermal activation of these mixes in different atmospheres at temperatures below 1100 C.
Experimental results provide information about the evolution of the interactions between carbon
sources, gaseous atmospheres, and solid W/WO3, setting the basis for optimizing the production of
fine WC powders by effectively combining carbon sources and atmospheres.