KCl-Induced High Temperature Corrosion of the Austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni Alloys 304L and Sanicro 28 at 600 °C
Journal article, 2006
The influence of KCl(s) on the high temperature oxidation of the austenitic alloys 304L and Sanicro 28 at 600 °C in O2 + H2O environment is reported. 0.10 mg/cm2 KCl(s) was added before exposure. The samples are investigated by grazing angle XRD, SEM/EDX, and AES. In the absence of KCl, both alloys show protective behaviour in dry O2. In O2 + H2O environment, alloy 304L suffers local breakaway corrosion while Sanicro 28 still shows protective behaviour. The oxidation of both alloys is strongly accelerated by KCl. KCl reacts with chromium in the normally protective corundum-type oxide, forming K2CrO4. This depletes the scale in chromia and leads to the formation of a non-protective, iron-rich scale. The significance of KCl-induced corrosion in real applications is discussed and the oxidation behaviour of the two steels is compared.
High temperature corrosion