How much can nuclear power reduce climate mitigation cost? – Critical parameters and sensitivity
Journal article, 2015

Although large scale nuclear power deployment can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, potential for nuclear power to reduce climate mitigation cost is not well understood. We use an energy system model to estimate the relative savings in mitigation costs enabled by nuclear power as well as their robustness via scenario and Monte Carlo analysis. Nuclear power reduces mitigation costs in all explored scenarios, but the extent varies considerably. Nuclear power reduces costs significantly if carbon storage capacity is low but is replaceable if the capacity is abundant and technology available. The same holds for the cost of renewables. However, providing a full cost benefit analysis of nuclear power is beyond the scope of this paper.

Sensitivity analysis


Nuclear power

Climate change

Energy system model


Mariliis Lehtveer

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Fredrik Hedenus

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Energy Strategy Reviews

2211-467X (ISSN)

Vol. 6 12-19

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Energy Systems



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