Using Fluorescence as Control Parameter to Decide Optimal Light Spectrum for Plant Growth
Conference contribution, 2015
Modern greenhouses having lighting systems are large consumers of electricity. In Europe alone, the lighting consumption is estimated to 150 TWh per year. High pressure sodium (HPS) lamps are still dominating and the illumination is in general controlled manually by on/off control. Changing to light emitting diodes (LED) gives the possibility of adapting the spectrum (i.e. changing the power split to diodes of different colours) and to gradually changing the intensity, which implies an energy saving potential. The optimal spectrum might depend on a number of factors, for example plant species, required characteristics and energy use effciency on the diodes.
Using LEDs with different blue to red (B:R) ratios, as a supplement to sunlight, have been investigated for growing of cucumber seedling [Hernández and Kubota, 2014] and tomato seedling [Hernández and Kubota, 2012]. Their conclusion was that 100% red LED is preferred, indicating that the blue light in the sunlight is sufficient (B:R in sunlight is about 4:3 on photons=m2=s basis [ASTM, 2012].