Continuous wave-pumped wavelength conversion in low-loss silicon nitride waveguides
Journal article, 2015

In this Letter we introduce a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible low-loss Si3N4 waveguide platform for nonlinear integrated optics. The waveguide has a moderate nonlinear coefficient of 285 W∕km, but the achieved propagation loss of only 0.06 dB∕cm and the ability to handle high optical power facilitate an optimal waveguide length for wavelength conversion. We observe a constant quadratic dependence of the four-wave mixing (FWM) process on the continuous-wave (CW) pump when operating in the C-band, which indicates that the waveguide has negligible high-power constraints owing to nonlinear losses. We achieve a conversion efficiency of −26.1 dB and idler power generation of −19.6 dBm. With these characteristics, we present for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, CW-pumped data conversion in a non-resonant Si3N4 waveguide.


Clemens Krückel

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Photonics

Victor Torres Company

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Photonics

Peter Andrekson

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Photonics

Daryl Spencer

University of California

Jared Bauters

University of California

Martijn Heck

University of California

John Bowers

University of California

Optics Letters

0146-9592 (ISSN) 1539-4794 (eISSN)

Vol. 40 6 875-878

Phase-sensitive optical parametric amplifiers (PSOPA)

European Commission (EC) (EC/FP7/291618), 2012-03-01 -- 2017-02-28.

Areas of Advance

Information and Communication Technology

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (SO 2010-2017, EI 2018-)

Subject Categories


Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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