A hybrid model for prediction of ground-borne vibration due to discrete wheel/rail irregularities
Journal article, 2015
A hybrid model for the prediction of ground-borne vibration due to discrete wheel and rail irregularities, such as wheel flats, dipped welds and insulated rail joints, is presented. The hybrid model combines the simulation of vertical wheel-rail contact force in the time domain, accounting for parametric excitation due to sleeper periodicity and impact excitation induced by loss of wheel-rail contact, and calculation of ground-borne vibration in the frequency-wavenumber domain considering a layered soil model. The model is demonstrated by investigating the influence of wheel flat size and vehicle speed on maximum vertical wheel-rail contact force and free field ground vibration. It is shown that magnitudes of impact load and ground vibration are increasing with increasing wheel flat length (and depth), but the influence of vehicle speed is not as evident. Higher vehicle speeds often lead to loss of wheel-rail contact and severe impact loads but the frequency content of such impact loads is shifted to higher frequencies which may be less significant for ground vibration.