Dynamic flux balancing elucidates NAD(P)H production as limiting response to furfural inhibition in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Journal article, 2015

Achieving efficient and economical lignocellulose-based bioprocess requires a robust organism tolerant to furfural, a major inhibitory compound present in lignocellulosic hydrolysate. The aim of this study was to develop a model that could generate quantitative descriptions of cell metabolism for elucidating the cell's adaptive response to furfural. Such a modelling tool could provide strategies for the design of more robust cells. A dynamic flux balance (dFBA) model of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was created by coupling a kinetic fermentation model with a previously published genome-scale stoichiometric model. The dFBA model was used for studying intracellular and extracellular flux responses to furfural perturbations under steady state and dynamic conditions. The predicted effects of furfural on dynamic flux profiles agreed well with previously published experimental results. The model showed that the yeast cell adjusts its metabolism in response to furfural challenge by increasing fluxes through the pentose phosphate pathway, TCA cycle, and proline and serine biosynthesis in order to meet the high demand of NAD(P)H cofactors. The model described here can be used to aid in systematic optimization of the yeast, as well as of the fermentation process, for efficient lignocellulosic ethanol production.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Second generation bioethanol

Furfural challenge

Dynamic flux profiles

Cellular robustness


U. Pornkamol

Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)

Carl Johan Franzén

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Biotechnology journal

1860-6768 (ISSN) 1860-7314 (eISSN)

Vol. 10 8 1248-1258

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Industrial Biotechnology



Areas of Advance


Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)



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